Strengthening References

Cabré M, Serra-Prat M, Force L, Almirall J, Palomera E, Clavé P. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a risk factor for readmission for pneumonia in the very elderly persons: observational prospective study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014;69(3):330-337.

Hirota N, Konaka K, Ono T, et al. Reduced tongue pressure against the hard palate on the paralyzed side during swallowing predicts dysphagia in patients with acute stroke. Stroke. 2010;41(12):2982-2984.

Steele, C. M., Cichero, J. A. Physiological Factors Related to Aspiration Risk: A Systematic Review. Dysphagia. 2014: 1-10.

Smithard DG, O’Neill PA, England RE, et al. The natural history of dysphagia following a stroke. Dysphagia. 1997;12(4):188-193.

Langmore SE, Terpenning MS, Schork A, et al. Predictors of aspiration pneumonia: how important is dysphagia? Dysphagia. 1998;13(2):69-81.

Langmore SE, Skarupski KA, Park PS, Fries BE. Predictors of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. Dysphagia. 2002;17(4):298-307.

Robbins J, Kays SA, Gangnon RE, et al. The effects of lingual exercise in stroke patients with dysphagia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007;88(2):150-158.

Hutcheson KA, Bhayani MK, Beadle BM, et al. Eat and exercise during radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for pharyngeal cancers: use it or lose it. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;139(11):1127-1134.

Carroll WR, Locher JL, Canon CL, Bohannon IA, McColloch NL, Magnuson JS. Pretreatment swallowing exercises improve swallow function after chemoradiation. Laryngoscope. 2008;118(1):39-43.

Duarte VM, Chhetri DK, Liu YF, Erman AA, Wang MB. Swallow preservation exercises during chemoradiation therapy maintains swallow function. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;149(6):878-884.

Wulf G, Lee TD, Schmidt RA. Reducing knowledge of results about relative versus absolute timing: differential effects on learning. J Mot Behav. 1994;26(4):362-369.

Overview for documentation of Medicare outpatient therapy services. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Juan J, Hind J, Jones C, McCulloch T, Gangnon R, Robbins J. Case study: application of isometric progressive resistance oropharyngeal therapy using the Madison Oral Strengthening Therapeutic device. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2013;20(5):450-470.

Mor V, Intrator O, Feng Z, Grabowski D. The revolving door of rehospitalization from skilled nursing facilities. Health Aff (Millwood). 2010(1):57-64.

Cichero JA, Altman KW. Definition, prevalence and burden of oropharyngeal dysphagia: a serious problem among older adults worldwide and the impact on prognosis and hospital resources. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2012;72:1-11.

Kotecki S, Schmidt R. Cost and effectiveness analysis using nursing staff-prepared thickened liquids vs. commercially thickened liquids in stroke patients with dysphagia. Nurs Econ. 2010;28(2):106-9, 113.

Rogus-Pulia N, Rusche N, Hind J, et al. Effects of device-facilitated isometric progressive resistance oropharyngeal therapy on swallowing and health-related outcomes in older adults with dysphagia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016;64:417-24.

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